布袋除尘器除尘效果影响因素有哪些?

布袋除尘器是一种除尘装置,它利用粉尘的物理特性去除粉尘,净化含尘气体。 布袋的主要材料是纺织滤布和无纺毡。 当包含灰尘的空气进入布袋除尘器时,具有较大颗粒和比重的灰尘将因自身重力而沉降,并且较细的灰尘会通过布袋进行过滤。 物料将被阻塞,空气将被净化。布袋除尘器通常用于各种钢铁厂,铁厂和焦化厂。

A bag filter is a dust removal device that utilizes the physical properties of dust to remove dust and purify dusty gases. The main materials for cloth bags are textile filter cloth and non-woven felt. When air containing dust enters the bag filter, dust with larger particles and specific gravity will settle due to its own gravity, and finer dust will be filtered through the bag. The material will be blocked and the air will be purified. Bag filters are commonly used in various steel, iron, and coking plants.

布袋除尘器除尘效果的影响因素:

Factors affecting the dust removal efficiency of bag filters:

(1)除尘布袋的材料和型号,布袋除尘器的主要组成部分是布袋。布袋材料的选择和型号的选择会影响集尘器的除尘效果和布袋的使用寿命。 布袋的质量越好,使用寿命越长,除尘效果越好。 空气中灰尘的性质和速度会影响袋子的使用效果和寿命。部分灰尘的形状和大小不规则,较细的灰尘不易受到集尘器的影响。 新布袋的网眼较大,除尘效果不明显。 仅在袋式集尘器使用了一段时间后,袋表面上的灰尘才更容易拦截细小灰尘,从而提高了集尘器的除尘效果。其次,当空气中的灰尘被负压吸入集尘器时,由于高速会影响布袋。 持久的冲击将继续磨损袋子,因此袋子的使用寿命将大大降低。同时,由于快速运动,一部分灰尘容易从孔中冲出,降低了集尘器的除尘率。如果错误地选择了布袋的型号,则布袋和龙骨会与龙骨松散结合,会大大降低集尘器的效率,甚会出现更严重的问题。在小型皮带和大型皮带的情况下,使用一段时间的除尘器可能会将袋子掉落,甚散发出黑烟。

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(1) The material and model of the dust removal bag, and the main component of the bag filter is the bag. The selection of bag material and model will affect the dust removal effect of the dust collector and the service life of the bag. The better the quality of the cloth bag, the longer its service life, and the better the dust removal effect. The nature and speed of dust in the air can affect the effectiveness and lifespan of bags. The shape and size of some dust are irregular, and finer dust is not easily affected by the dust collector. The mesh of the new cloth bag is relatively large, and the dust removal effect is not significant. Only after using the bag filter for a period of time, the dust on the surface of the bag is easier to intercept small dust, thereby improving the dust removal efficiency of the filter. Secondly, when the dust in the air is sucked into the dust collector under negative pressure, the high speed will affect the cloth bag. The prolonged impact will continue to wear and tear the bag, thus greatly reducing its lifespan. Meanwhile, due to rapid movement, some dust is easily flushed out of the hole, reducing the dust removal rate of the dust collector. If the wrong model of the bag is chosen, the bag and keel will loosely combine with the keel, greatly reducing the efficiency of the dust collector and even causing more serious problems. In the case of small and large belts, using a dust collector for a period of time may cause the bag to fall off and even emit black smoke.

(2)背吹系统的影响,大多数布袋除尘器采用脉冲式背吹背吹系统,可以为集尘器的运行提供保护。 脉冲反吹是通过反吹空气原理进行的,可以在很大程度上除去灰尘,但是仍然存在许多缺点。在反吹系统运行期间,由于过度的振动,反吹管通常没有紧密连接,掉落或零件松动。 除尘系统的压差的持续增加导致除尘效果大大降低。 其次,脉冲反吹利用空气压缩来保护脉冲除尘操作。 如果空气压缩不及时或停止,很容易造成较大的压力差,这会对集尘袋造成严重影响。 同时,如果空气中水汽较多,布袋会变湿,影响布袋的透气性,布袋的透气性会降低,从而加速磨损 布袋的使用寿命,并降低布袋的使用寿命。 电磁阀在水蒸气的影响下将无法正常工作,并且将无法正常控制脉冲阀和离线阀,从而降低了除尘效果。脉冲反吹的操作也需要根据环境和生产情况进行调整,只有适当的操作才能产生良好的效果。

(2) The impact of back blowing system, most bag filters adopt pulse back blowing back blowing system, which can provide protection for the operation of the dust collector. Pulse backwashing is carried out through the principle of backwashing air, which can greatly remove dust, but there are still many drawbacks. During the operation of the blowback system, due to excessive vibration, the blowback pipe is usually not tightly connected, falls off, or parts become loose. The continuous increase in pressure difference of the dust removal system leads to a significant decrease in the dust removal efficiency. Secondly, pulse back blowing utilizes air compression to protect pulse dust removal operations. If air compression is not timely or stopped, it is easy to cause a significant pressure difference, which will have a serious impact on the dust collection bag. At the same time, if there is a lot of water vapor in the air, the cloth bag will become wet, affecting its breathability. The breathability of the cloth bag will be reduced, which will accelerate the wear and tear of the cloth bag and reduce its service life. The electromagnetic valve will not function properly under the influence of water vapor, and will not be able to control the pulse valve and offline valve properly, thereby reducing the dust removal effect. The operation of pulse blowback also needs to be adjusted according to the environment and production situation, and only appropriate operation can produce good results.

(3)集尘器外壳的密封件和除尘点。影响除尘效果的重要因素是集尘器外壳的密封和除尘点。布袋除尘器在使用过程中通常处于负压状态。 如果空气泄漏过多,会导致气体回路短路,从而减少除尘系统的风量并产生灰尘,并降低集尘器的除尘效率。

(3) Sealing components and dust removal points of the dust collector housing. The important factors affecting the dust removal effect are the sealing of the dust collector shell and the dust removal point. Bag filters are usually in a negative pressure state during use. If there is too much air leakage, it can cause a short circuit in the gas circuit, thereby reducing the air volume of the dust removal system and generating dust, and reducing the dust removal efficiency of the dust collector.

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This article is a friendly contribution from the warehouse top dust collector. For more related knowledge, please click: https://www.sdxinlujx.com Sincere attitude. We will provide you with comprehensive service. We will gradually contribute more relevant knowledge to everyone. Stay tuned

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